Skipnavigation Virtuelles Museum zur Geschichte Mecklenburgs und Vorpommerns

Springe direkt zu:

Menü öffnen

Trade and industry 1850 up to 1900

Röbel station 1899

After the agricultural crisis there was a shipping boom that lasted for several decades. The Rostock merchant fleet doubled its tonnage from 1850 to 1870 and was primarily active in export activities. In contrast, imports mainly went via Stettin, Lübeck or Hamburg. The state was covered by a rail network, which was nationalised from 1889 to 1893.

The North German Confederation abolished mandatory guild membership in 1869. Metal processing and the food industry became established in Rostock, Wismar, Güstrow and also in Schwerin, Neubrandenburg, Neustadt-Glewe, Dömitz and Parchim. The Neptune shipyard was built in Rostock in 1890.

In Wismar Heinrich Podeus built his company as a large ship-owner with iron ships, iron foundries, a wagon factory and wood plants. Sugar factories were built from the start of the 1880s as landowner corporations and epitomised the highest European level. The building industry enjoyed a boom.

Despite a ban the “General Mecklenburg Trade Association” was established.

Zugbrücke von Nehringen über die Recknitz, erbaut um 1900
Rail bridge over the Recknitz in Nehringen

Shipping prospers. Up to 200 mariners from Stralsund and 188 from Barth travel the seven seas. The channel and the port in Barth are enlarged from 1861 to 1868.

The North German Confederation abolishes compulsory membership of guilds. Sugar factories, incorporated as public limited companies, are built by the landed gentry from the early 1880s. The fortunes of the construction industry improve significantly. The French deck, popular to the present day, is developed in the Stralsund playing cards factory Diekelmann & Co., becoming its top seller. The foundry in Torgelow is privatised in 1861. Ten new ones are built in by 1897.

Swinemünde stagnates as a port town after 1880, as ocean-going vessels use the 'Kaiserfahrt' canal to berth directly in Stettin. Stettin becomes an industrial centre, home to the Stoewer empire and others. The railway network is nationalised in 1879. The Berlin-Swinemünde route and the 'Northern Line' to Stralsund attract tourists. A railway station has been built in each county town by 1897.